Wednesday, July 31, 2013

Was Jan 2011 a coup?



Many argue that June 30 is a military coup rather than a third wave of Jan 25 revolution. To settle on to this let's put some facts clear.

Facts about Jan 2011:

Mubarak was democratically elected: 
weather you like it or not he was, won elections held on 2005 with 88.6% apart from his nearest rival Ayman Nour who only got 7.3 %.

Elections were rigged: 
Yes we all now that. Many boycotted because they doubted the whole process, others criticized it and it was clear how it was non transparent with pro-Mubarak judges involved and MOI forces preventing people from reaching the polling stations.

Mubarak would've won in clean elections: 
Despite being a dictator, Mubarak had a fair, well more than fair popularity. It was a fake one, I mean it was clear to everyone were the country is heading politically, economically and socially.

But hey, let's face it, the man was widely respected among many classes. May be out of his military history being the air force commander at the October 1973 war, state media propaganda, the old Egyptians-idolizing-leaders syndrome (that was smashed pretty much by the Jan 25 revolution) or may be at least he was preferred over a fuzzy non-clear future if he left. Many reasons might apply, yet it's clear Mubarak would've won in a fair clean elections back then.

It was the army's decision, one way or another:
In his late interview with Daily News Egypt, the Military spokesman, Col. Ahmed Ali was asked if the army was "pressured by outside forces prior to taking the decision to oust President Morsi?", his answer was that the army takes decision based on "national security, the benefit and welfare of the Egyptian people" and then he added: "This is what happened in 2013 and 2011.". This spokesman's answer clearly give us a clue that the army was involved in the decision of ousting Mubarak and Morsi, evenly.


Facts about June 30 :

Morsi was elected:
In a fair clean elections with nearly 52% of the votes.

Using democracy, Morsi ruined democracy:
Gave himself ultimate powers, challenged the judiciary, threatened private media & dominated over state media. He also fulfilled nothing from his promises (most important the reestablishment of the constitution assembly) to the revolutionaries who chose him over Ahmed Shafik, Mubarak's last PM. The worst of all was the deep division occurred during Morsi's rule between Egyptians because of his dictatorial acts.

Again in streets, more than Jan 25:
In his interview with Rotana Khalijiya channel, Younis Makhyoun the leader of the ultraconservative Salafi Nour Party, the Muslim Brotherhood's closest ally until very soon, admits that the numbers went on streets on June 30 were far much bigger that on Jan 25. I quote him saying: "We were surprised by the people coming out, what I saw was much greater than in January 25. During Jan 25, people went out in: Alexandria, Cairo, Suez, Portsaid & Mahala. In June 30, even villages and stations were out to streets. Nothing like that ever happened since the 1919 revolution."

Military once again:
For sure this wasn't the best choice but with huge numbers on streets causing turmoil all over the country in addition to the Brotherhood's total denial and arrogance reading the situation, someone had to do something before it turns to be a civil war which we've already seen some signs of in several cities. The army did upon people's call.

Now questions arise:
If both, Mubarak and Morsi were elected leaders ousted by a popular military intervention, why would EU Chef Catherine Ashton ask for meeting Morsi? How about Mubarak? Why would France demand the release of Morsi while he's facing several charges by an Egyptian court? Why didn't France demand the release of Mubarak back in January 2011?

Western double standards should be questioned dealing with Mubarak and Morsi.

2 Coups or 1 Revolution?
If you're calling June 30 a coup, you should consistently call Jan 2011 a coup. As for me, it's just a third wave of a revolution that yielded a non-stable democratic process that might need long time to flourish.



Tuesday, July 16, 2013

Inclusion after Judgment



Many voices call now for inclusion of the Muslim brotherhood again in the newly born democratic process after June 30 protests which ousted Mohamed Morsi.

Personally I don’t mind including the Muslim Brotherhood members again. In fact, this was one of the demands of the Jan 25 revolution after decades of tyranny and exclusion for everyone but Mubarak’s loyalists which led to the ousting him in February 11th, 2011. Throughout 30 years under Mubarak’s rule, exclusion and oppression of islamists spread a growing sense of extremism in the Egyptian society and a series of terrorist attacks especially in upper-Egypt, in addition to sectarianism. I’m seriously not willing to see this happening again in Egypt.

But here’s something that concerns me evenly, what the MB themselves have done to the Jan 25 revolution. After Mubarak’s ousting, many sought to reflect the great image of Tahrir square during the 18-day protests in which Muslims united with Christians, men and women, young and old. In other words, getting the Tahrir spirit into politics producing real consensus in order to achieve the revolution’s goals: Bread, Freedom, social justice and human dignity. The thing is, MB chose not!

From the March 2011 referendum to the parliamentary elections to the presidential elections the brotherhood chose to grip everything and despite their promises to include everyone, they excluded everyone!

Even when revolutionaries chose to back Morsi during the the presidential elections run-off against Ahmed Shafik, Mubarak’s last PM regardless of their shameful stands supporting SCAF echoing it’s allegations calling revolutionaries “thugs” during the Maspero, Mohamed Mahmoud and Cabinet massacres, MB did the one thing they’re very good at: withdrawing every promise they made.

After Morsi won the election MB’s only concern was feeding its members into Mubarak’s state rather than facing corruption or achieving the revolution’s goals. For example, it was OK for the police to continue its brutality against people if it’s protecting us, the MB and it’s welcomed, according the MB constitution, to send civilians to military court if the army won’t coup against us. Ironically, these 2 examples are the clearest examples of what MB suffered under Mubarak’s regime, police brutality and military trials and they warmly welcomed them.

Another clear remark of Morsi’s failure was inciting violence and sectarianism, or at its best welcoming them. One clear example for this was what happened during the conference of “Support of Syrian uprising” at Cairo stadium, two weeks before the June 30 uprising when the pro-brotherhood cleric Mohamed Abdel Maksood stood there and called those who will participate in June 30 as “Infidels and Hypocrites”, in the presence of Morsi, which turned out to be everyone but the Muslim Brotherhood and their supporters. Other examples include, killing Shiites in Cairo and attacking the Coptic cathedral after Al-Khosous sectarian clashes and before that killing and torturing people at the presidential palace gates after his constitutional declaration in which he grabbed ultimate power over judiciary. Even after Morsi ousted the MB continued to incite violence and hatred at their sit-in in Rabaa square in Cairo.
Following Morsi’s ouster and after the Presidential Guard massacre, MB threatened recurring the Syrian tragedy in Egypt calling whom they called “Rational voices inside army” to stop the so called coup. Basically, calling for army defection!

Hours after the massacre, Amr Darrag, chairman of the foreign relations committee at the Freedom and Justice Party called for the world to intervene after the massacre on his twitter account. NY times has an interesting story about Anne Patterson asking Essam El Haddad, Morsi’s foreign policy adviser if Morsi would appoint a new PM to avoid the consequences of June 30. Mr. El Haddad then calls America as “Mother America” addressing some MB leaders apparently. I can’t recall any of the revolutionaries calling for either foreign intervention or army defection during their clashes with SCAF when MB where in its bed.


As much as I strongly believe that the Muslim Brotherhood should be re-included at the political process once again on real democratic basis as much as I think their leaders, especially the guidance office should be fairly judged for ruining the revolution, inciting and practicing violence & hatred and calling for foreign intervention on the contrary to the Jan 25 revolution goals and its third wave, June 30.